Diabetes And Sweating
Diabetes mellitus encompasses a spectrum of disease that affects the way in which your body uses glucose (sugar). Glucose is essential to good health; it's a vital source of energy for the body's cells. The brain also uses glucose as the main source of energy. A person's well-being depends on some degree on the efficient use of glucose within the body. Diabetes can cause a wide range of symptoms, including excess sweating, weight loss, and slow healing wounds.
The reasons why someone develops diabetes varies, depending on the type. However, all types of diabetes will result in excessive amounts of glucose in the blood. Excess blood sugar can lead to very serious health issues. Diabetes and sweating is one relatively minor symptom, while permanent blindness is one of the most serious effects of uncontrolled diabetes.
Chronic diabetes manifests as type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. There are also two potentially reversible forms of diabetes. The first is prediabetes; this is when the blood sugar level is higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. The second type of potentially reversible diabetes is gestational diabetes; this happens during pregnancy but clears up after the birth of the baby.
The seriousness of the symptoms can depend on how high or low blood sugar levels are. Some who have diabetes may not detect any symptoms at first, especially if they have prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. However, those with type 1 diabetes tend to have more severe symptoms that manifest more quickly.
SOME TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 DIABETES SYMPTOMS ARE:
Frequent urination and thirst
Extreme hunger and fatigue
Unexplained weight loss
Ketones in the urine
Although type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, it most often is diagnosed during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes can also develop at any age, but it's more commonly diagnosed in those over 40 years of age.
DIABETES AND SWEATING
Low blood sugar levels is a part of the diabetic cycle; it's called hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia will trigger the body into a fight-or-flight response. This, in turn, causes the body to produce more adrenaline and norepinephrine which can cause heavy sweating, as well as diabetes symptoms of anxiety and shakiness.
EXTREME HUNGER AND FATIGUE
The body converts food into glucose so that the body can use that sugar for energy. However, the body's cells require insulin to utilize glucose. If the body doesn't make enough insulin, or if the cells are insulin resistant, the glucose can't fuel the cells, resulting in hunger and fatigue.
FREQUENT URINATION AND EXCESSIVE THIRST
The average person urinates from four to seven times a day. However, those with diabetes may need to urinate a lot more. Normally, the body will reabsorb glucose when it passes through the kidneys. But as diabetes increases the blood sugar, the kidneys may not be able to reabsorb all of it. This triggers the body to produce more urine. More urine requires more fluids, thus, the diabetic becomes thirsty.
UNEXPLAINED WEIGHT LOSS
Insufficient insulin will stop the body from absorbing blood glucose into the body's cells for energy. When this happens, the body will burn muscle and fat for energy. This results in weight loss. Unusual weight loss often occurs prior to a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. However, unexpected weight loss can also affect those with type 2 diabetes.
KETONES IN THE URINE
If the body's cells receive inadequate amounts of glucose, the body will begin to burn fat for energy. This will produce ketones, which will show up in the urine. High levels of ketones in the urine can indicate diabetic ketoacidosis. This diabetic symptom can lead to a coma or in extreme cases, death.
Low glucose levels may cause a range of emotional symptoms including irritability, moodiness, and belligerence. If a diabetic experiences irritability it's advisable to check their blood sugar levels.
High blood sugar levels can affect your vision; it causes the lens of the eye to swell, which results in temporary blurry eyesight. However, blurry vision can also be the result of low blood sugar. In the case of low blood sugar, vision should return to normal once the blood glucose is back to a normal range. However, if diabetes is not controlled, it can cause irreversible damage to the eyes, resulting in permanent blindness.
When blood sugar levels are higher than normal, it will prevent oxygen and nutrients from feeding the cells. This will, in turn, stop the immune system from functioning properly. Abnormal blood sugar levels can also increase inflammation, which will affect healing. In extreme cases of uncontrolled diabetic infections, amputations of the feet are not uncommon.
High blood sugar can make a diabetic prone to infections. One reason is that yeast feeds on sugar; as a result of the combination of high blood sugar, and lowered immunity, yeast infections can easily get out of control in someone with diabetes.
Neuropathy is a type of nerve damage. High blood sugar can cause damage to the nerves throughout the body. However, diabetic neuropathy most often targets the nerves in the lower legs and feet. Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy can vary from numbness or pain and in the legs and feet to trouble with the urinary tract, the digestive system, the blood vessels, and even the heart. Some diabetics have mild neuropathy symptoms, but other diabetics can experience debilitating pain.
FOUR TIPS FOR MANAGING DIABETES
Effectively controlling diabetes takes daily effort, but the benefits are well worth it. The payoff will be a longer and healthier life.
CHECK YOUR BLOOD SUGAR
Follow your doctor's schedule for checking your blood sugar, and add extra checks periodically. If you feel irritable or begin sweating, do a blood sugar check. Diabetes and sweating is a sign of low blood sugar.
KEEP TRACK OF YOUR CARBS
Carbohydrates convert quickly into sugar once digested. Limit your intake of high carb foods like bread, pasta, potatoes, and chips.
GET REGULAR EXERCISE
Exercise will burn off excess glucose in the blood. Try to get at least 2-3 hours of exercise per week, in daily increments.
KNOW ALL OF YOUR NUMBERS
Blood sugar levels are not the only numbers you need to know. You also need to watch your cholesterol and blood pressure readings.
Herbs To Lower Blood Sugar
Type-2 diabetes is an illness that has been affecting more and more people in the United States in the past few years; according to some reports, over 20 million Americans now suffer from the condition, with this showing no signs of slowing down. This has naturally meant that an increasing number of people have had to undergo treatment for the disease, which is something that they'll need to do for the rest of their lives. However, many people may be wary of taking certain medications, as a variety of them have been known to have several side effects, some of which may make us want to avoid them. An alternative is to take herbs to lower blood sugar.
This has led to many people with diabetes looking for different treatments for the condition. While some of these may not be effective, taking herbs and supplements have been shown to have quite a substantial impact on blood sugar levels. Despite them becoming more popular in recent years, many people may not know which herbs to take to lower their blood sugar levels. This is primarily because there are a considerable number of herbs to lower blood sugar on the market, which can be an overwhelming choice for many people.
That doesn't need to be too large of an issue, though, as there have been a few of them that are more effective than others when it comes to treating and managing the symptoms of diabetes. This doesn't mean that you can't take the herbs if you don't suffer from the condition, however, as it's been recommended that you take them if you're at risk of developing the disease. Because of that, almost anybody can benefit from taking them.
It should be noted that, if you already have diabetes or any other diseases, then you may need to discuss whether or not you can take certain herbs, as well as in what dosage. This is primarily because some herbs can affect different conditions, as well as their related medications. Outside of this, consuming the herbs in the form of a supplement, or various foods and meals, can offer a variety of benefits. While lower blood sugar levels will be a large part of this, there can be a few other advantages, depending on which supplement you're taking.
WHICH HERBS TO TAKE TO LOWER BLOOD SUGAR
Cinnamon is perhaps the most obvious herb to take to help reduce your blood sugar levels and can be taken in either a powder form or as an extract. There have been several studies done on how effective it has been on the illness, regardless of whether it's fully-developed or if your prediabetic, meaning that you have a blood sugar of 100-125 mg/dl. For people who are prediabetes, a dosage of 250 milligrams of the herb saw an 8.4% decrease in their blood sugar levels by taking it twice per day; once before breakfast and once before dinner.
The majority of these studies have been conducted over a three month period, so you may be able to see larger results if you consume cinnamon for a longer period. For people with diabetes, this impact is even more pronounced, with the majority of studies reporting a blood sugar reduction of between 11% and 14%. This is driven by the fact that cinnamon can promote your cell response to insulin, which is one of the primary areas that your body deals with sugar in your body.
Ginseng has been shown to have a considerable impact on post-meal blood sugar levels, with studies showing that it can reduce these levels by up to 20%. This has been seen for both people with diabetes and those who don't suffer from the condition, so everybody will be able to benefit from it. For this to be effective, experts have noted that you should consume the ginseng up to an hour before each meal and no longer than that; this is because taking it too long beforehand may cause your blood sugar to dip too low.
It's also been noted that you should consume a minimum of one gram each time and no more than three, as anything outside of this range may not provide many benefits. The positive effects of ginseng have only been seen with the North American species of the herb, with others not showing many of the same results.
Fenugreek has been a popular medicine in the Middle East for generations, although it's only been with recent studies that medical professionals have determined the benefits that may be offered by the herb. One of the most notable of these has been seen it how it affects blood sugar and insulin levels. This has been shown to be the case in both animal and human trials, with the herb having quite a considerable effect on blood sugar control.
This means that your body will be able to better manage these levels, which can be beneficial for people who are most at risk of developing diabetes. Despite how popular it has been in various countries, there's still been relatively few studies done on fenugreek, although the ones that have been performed have shown promising results across various areas.
Tumeric is a spice that has been common across the world for centuries, primarily for the flavor it offers. In recent decades, however, it's become increasingly popular for the health benefits that it offers, with much of this being driven by curcumin, which is one of its active ingredients. This has been seen for both type-2 diabetes patients, as well as those who are prediabetic. In some studies, it's been shown that people who are prediabetic can prevent the development of the disease, which is one of the primary areas where it can be beneficial. It's also been shown to help reduce blood sugar levels to a significant degree, although different studies have shown varying results.
aloe, aloe vera plant
When many people think of aloe vera, they may first think about washing up liquids or other products, as it's been used in quite a significant number of areas. However, it's been proven to have somewhat of a role in stimulating insulin production, which is vital for your blood sugar levels. While there have been relatively few studies on aloe vera compared to many other herbs, there have been a few benefits associated with it.
These advantages have been seen in nine studies, varying in their time frame from four to 14 weeks. Despite being relatively short, they've shown that they can reduce blood sugar levels by 46.6 mg/dl. This was further enhanced in patients who had blood sugar levels of over 200 mg/dl. While further studies have yet to be done, it looks as though the herb can be increasingly effective the higher your blood sugar is.
There have been a few other herbs that have been shown to have an impact on blood sugar levels, although more studies need to be performed on them to determine how effective they are. These include the likes of:
Bitter Melon, which helps ease many of diabetes' symptoms;
Milk Thistle, which is also known by the name silybinin, it's active ingredient, and;
Psyllium, which needs to be taken in a large dosage, and may have a laxative effect.
While using herbs to lower blood sugar can have a variety of benefits, it should be noted that there can be a few risks and side effects of doing so, as we mentioned above. Similar to many medications, much of this is driven by how much of them you take, as well as how often you're taking them. This is the primary reason why the majority of experts have noted that you should speak with a medical professional about how high, or low, of a dose of the herbs that you should take.
Depending on the herb that you're taking, there can be a few side effects that you may experience. Garlic, which has often been useful in lowering cholesterol, for example, has been known to have an impact on how thin your blood is, which results in more bleeding for any kind of cuts. While this mightn't be a large issue for many people, it is something that you should be aware of. Ginseng has the same effect, especially in higher doses.
Cinnamon can have quite a substantial effect on your liver and begin impacting how it functions, especially if you're taking it in large doses. It also depresses your anti-immune system and reverses many of the effects of immunosuppressant drugs. This means that you may be more likely to experience certain illnesses, ranging from the likes of the flu upwards. Because of that, you may need to avoid cinnamon if you're affected by any autoimmune diseases.
Similar to cinnamon, many herbs can interfere with different medications, which is something that all of us will want to avoid, with aloe vera being one of the more prominent of these. While this can be heavily dependent on the pharmaceuticals that you're taking, you should research which herbs interact with any medications that you're taking, and what kind of effects that these will have. Much of this can be done in conjunction with a medical professional or dietician, who will have a considerable amount of expertise in the area.
keeping all of the above in mind, you'll be able to ensure that you're taking the right herbs to lower blood sugar. As we mentioned, however, research is often the first port of call for taking them. This doesn't stop once you've determined which herbs you should be taking, as you'll then need to look at where you're purchasing any herbs or supplements. This is primarily because different products will have various doses, which is naturally something that you'll need to keep an eye on.
Furthermore, you'll need to read through the instructions that come with each of these supplements, as some might need to be taken once a day, while others may need to be taken several times. By doing so, you can rest assured that you're keeping your blood sugar levels in check without having to worry about what you're eating and drinking.
Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetes often leads to damage of the blood vessels, especially if the blood sugar levels are not well controlled. Swelling, leaking or blockage of the blood vessels in the eye causes a serious condition, proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
CAUSES OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
The retina is a light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye. In your eye, the light rays that pass through the pupil, are focused in the lens, and penetrate to the retina, where they are transformed into signals that are transmitted by the optic nerve to the brain and interpreted as images. Therefore, it is as essential for your vision, as a processor for a computer. Your retina has multiple delicate blood vessels that deliver oxygen and nutrients to sustain its function.
Elevated blood sugar leads to thinning of the blood vessel walls and clumping of the red blood cells. These two processes lead to blood leakage and vessel obstruction. Retina becomes swollen when the blood leaks from the vessels damaged by diabetes. When the blood vessels get blocked, retinal cells become deprived of oxygen and nourishment in the area of the blood vessel obstruction. A small specialized area in the center of the retina, called macula, is especially sensitive to the consequences of the blood vessel damage. Macula is essential for clearly seeing the details of the objects located in front of you. If macula becomes swollen (a condition called macular edema), it causes blurry vision, and an impairment of the ability to recognize faces or read.
THE FOUR STAGES OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
proliferative diabetic retinopathy
The National Eye Institute (NEI) defines four distinct stages, through which the diabetic retinopathy may progress. These are mild, moderate, and severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and proliferative retinopathy. The first three diabetic retinopathy stages differ by the number of the swollen, distorted, and blocked blood vessels in the retina. Macular edema may develop even at the second stage of the disease progression. During the third stage, oxygen and nutrient deprivation of the retina caused by the vessel blockage triggers secretion of a special molecule that stimulates the new blood vessel growth. This molecule is called vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF in short. VEGF secretion promotes diabetic retinopathy to its most advanced, proliferative stage. It is characterized by the growth of the new blood vessels in the retina, a process called neovascularization.
Proliferative retinopathy is especially harmful for vision. The newly formed blood vessels are extra fragile, and the blood leaking from them is spilled from the retina to vitreous gel, a jelly-like transparent substance inside the eye, through which the light passes on its way from the lens to the retina. The blood accumulation in vitreous gel blocks vision partially, causing appearance of black "floaters" in your field of vision, or completely, causing blindness. Neovascularization of the retina can scar this delicate tissue, causing retinal detachment from the back of the eye. Detached retina cannot convert the light rays to nerve signals, leading to partial or complete blindness.
SYMPTOMS OF RETINOPATHY
In summary, the diabetic retinopathy may cause macular edema even at the initial stages of development. In its advanced, proliferative stage, it causes the blood accumulation in the vitreous (vitreous hemorrhage), and retinal scarring and detachment. The retinopathy usually develops simultaneously in both eyes, causing the following symptoms:
• Blurry vision, or changes from clear to blurry vision and back
• Floaters and dark or black spots appearing in the field of vision
• Poor night vision
• Changes in color perception, with colors appearing faded or washed off
DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
Diabetic retinopathy is detected during a comprehensive eye exam. It may include the following tests, exams and procedures:
• Visual activity test. The eye chart reading measures your ability to see at various distances.
• Tonometry. A test that measures pressure inside the eye.
• Funduscopy. Its a fancy name of an eye exam performed using a magnifying glass. The drops placed on the eye surface widen (dilate) the pupil, so the physician can visually examine the "eyegrounds", including the retina, retinal blood vessels, and the optic nerve. Fundoscopy detects changes in blood vessels (aneurisms), leaky blood vessels and fatty deposits, macular edema, and changes in the lens and abnormalities in the optic nerve.
• Optical coherence tomography (OCT). This test resembles an ultrasound exam but uses light instead of sound waves. OCT provides detailed images of eye tissues and complements the visual inspection of the retina.
• Fluorescein angiogram. In this procedure a fluorescent dye is injected into an arm vein. When the dye reaches the eye, multiple detailed pictures of the retinal blood vessels can be taken, revealing blood leaks and blood vessel changes that otherwise escaped detection.
The last two procedures are used if macular edema or progressive diabetic retinopathy are suspected.
DIABETIC RETINOPATHY TREATMENT
Many treatment methods for the diabetic retinopathy are focused on repairing or removing the damaged blood vessels and restoring the blood flow in the retina. For the best effect, two or more therapies may be combined
ANTI-VEGF INJECTION THERAPY
. VEGF, a vascular endothelial growth factor, is a key molecule that induces neovascularization, promoting advancement of diabetic retinopathy to its fourth stage, the proliferative retinopathy. Drugs that counteract VEGF action are injected in the vitreous gel of the eye every month for half a year. After that the frequency of the injections is gradually decreased, and the treatment is completed within five years. Anti-VEGF drugs include Avastin (bevacizumab), Lucentis (ranibizumab), and Eylea (aflibercept). Avastin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as an anti-cancer medication, but it is also used to treat eye conditions, including macular edema. Lucentis and Eylea are approved for treating macular edema and diabetic retinopathy. Anti-VEGF therapy is showing a great promise for treatment of macular edema and proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
PANRETINAL LASER SURGERY
proliferative diabetic retinopathy
. This treatment is also called scatter laser surgery, or photocoagulation. It involves making several thousand microscopic laser burns to shrink the abnormal blood vessels. The burns are aimed in the areas away from macula to preserve the central vision. The side effects of panretinal laser surgery include some loss of peripheral vision, and defects in night and color vision, caused by laser-induce damage of parts of the retina.
Vitrectomy. If proliferative retinopathy results in accumulation of blood in the center of the eye, which blocks vision, the vitreous gel is surgically removed. This procedure includes removing the vitreous gel by suction and replacing it with sterile saline solution to preserve the pressure in the eye and maintain the eye shape. Vitrectomy can be done under local or general anesthesia; it often requires a hospital stay, and recovery takes several weeks. When both eyes require the surgery, the second vitrectomy is performed after the first eye is completely recovered.
If proliferative diabetic retinopathy is combined with macular edema, specific treatments for the latter can be combined with the panretinal laser surgery and anti-VEGF therapy.
Injection or implantation of corticosteroids. Corticosteroids have anti-angiogenic, anti-permeability, and anti-fibrotic properties. It means that they prevent the new blood vessel growth, decrease leakage of fluid into the retina, and prevent retinal scarring. Injections of steroids, commonly triamcinolone, into the vitreous gel are performed in the same way as in the anti-VEGF therapy. Implants are also placed in the vitreous and deliver sustained amount of medication for a defined time. Some implants are designed for a short-term treatment, like Ozurdex (dexamethasone). Iluvien (fluocinolone acetonide) is used for longer treatment. The flexibility of choice of the steroid treatment regimen is essential, steroids are known to increase the pressure in the eye, promoting glaucoma development. Glaucoma is more common in diabetics than in general population, therefore consider discussing the risks and benefits of the steroid treatment with your physician.
Focal/Grid macular laser surgery. Opposite to the panretinal surgery, this treatment specifically targets the macula. 10-100 laser burns are inflicted to remove and seal the damage blood vessels to prevent blood leakage and minimize macular swelling. This treatment can be combined with anti-VEGF therapy or used as a second line of defense if the anti-VEGF therapy turned out ineffective.
OTHER DIABETES-RELATED OPHTHALMIC COMPLICATIONS
Although diabetic retinopathy is the most common and the most serious eye disease related to diabetes, other complications, such as glaucoma and cataracts, are known to affect vision in diabetic patients.
Glaucoma is a condition when the optic nerve is damaged and fails to transmit signals from the retina to the brain. In most cases, glaucoma is caused by the increased pressure in the eye. In diabetes, the growth of the new blood vessels in the iris can block the fluid flow in the eye. The pressure inside the eye increases, and a condition called a neovascular glaucoma may develop. It is also known that people with diabetes develop a more common type of glaucoma, an open-angle glaucoma, twice as frequently as non-diabetics. However, the opposite is also true: glaucoma patients have an increased chance of developing diabetes. Therefore, it is not clear if a high blood sugar causes the open-angle glaucoma, or the two diseases share some common risk factors.
Cataracts is a common cause of blindness caused by clouding of the lens. The incidence of cataracts in diabetics is twice as high as in non-diabetics. It might be caused by a chronic lens swelling caused by the constantly elevated blood sugar. Also, sudden sharp changes of the blood sugar concentration may cause distortion of the lens shape.
Diabetic Compression Socks
Diabetic socks are designed to help people with diabetes. The term diabetes mellitus refers to several metabolic conditions that directly impact the bodies ability to use and process glucose, also known as blood sugar. These conditions are chronic and can lead to dangerous, life-threatening levels of glucose within the blood. Glucose is one of the body's prime energy sources. It is necessary for cellular function, for muscles and tissues, and for brain function. However, too much glucose in the blood can lead to a number of detrimental health conditions. The two main types of diabetes are referred to as Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. The symptoms of these diseases vary depending on how high the levels of glucose are within the blood. Long term consequences of untreated high blood sugar levels, or hyperglycemia, can be life-threatening. Some complications of high blood sugar levels may even include amputations. These are typically caused by infections due to impaired immune and circulatory function.
TYPE 1 DIABETES
This type of diabetes is typically diagnosed in younger individuals. In this type of diabetes, the body struggles to produce adequate levels of insulin. This type of diabetes is unfortunately irreversible. It is considered an autoimmune disease. Here, the body's immune system attacks pancreatic cells and significantly impairs its ability to function. People with this type of diabetes are insulin dependent for blood glucose regulation and must take insulin everyday of their lives in order to function.
TYPE 2 DIABETES
Type 2 diabetes can develop at any time throughout a person's life, even in childhood. This is the most common type of diabetes. These people are still capable of producing insulin, but not at optimal levels for the body's health. Genetic factors can contribute to the development of this disease. Lifestyle factors such as lack of exercise and poor eating habits can increase the probability of developing this type of diabetes. There is an extremely strong correlation between obesity and this type of diabetes.
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
Slow Wound Healing
Numbness and Tingling in Extremities
Low Immune System
DIABETIC SOCKS PURPOSE
While medication and doctor supervision are often highly recommended by doctors for treatment of diabetes, I like to consider other methods as well to help manage and mitigate symptoms. People with diabetes can sometimes suffer from unusually cold hands and feet, numbness and tingling, and/or swelling in the legs and feet. When blood flow is restricted, it can cause many uncomfortable or even dangerous symptoms. High blood glucose levels within the blood can seriously damage veins, nerves, and blood vessels. Circulation is often impaired or restricted in diabetes. This can lead to purple looking feet, swelling, or overall discomfort. People who are suffering from diabetes may find that diabetic compression socks help prevent clotting, which is always a risk when the body's circulatory and nervous systems have become damaged. Diabetic socks work by reducing pressure in the lower leg and in the foot, prevent blistering on the skin, and minimize the accumulation of moisture.
RISKS OF POOR BLOOD CIRCULATION
poor blood circulation-diabetic socks
I'll go over a few of the risks of inadequate blood flow to illustrate just how helpful these socks can really be for someone who is struggling with diabetes and with the management of its symptoms. Diabetes is one of the major causes of poor blood flow within the body. Insufficient circulation is actually quite serious, and its signs should not be overlooked. Poor circulation can damage an individuals organs and limbs. Luckily, hope is not lost and there are many things diabetes sufferers can do on their own to help improve circulation, like wearing those compression socks that I discussed previously.
WHY DIABETIC COMPRESSION SOCKS ARE USEFUL
These socks have an immense amount of benefits for those who need a little more circulatory support. These socks can be used by men, women, and children alike. Some have inquired about the difference between socks for diabetes and actual compression socks. Socks designed for people with diabetes mesh with the exact shape of the foot. Being seamless and without elastic, these socks do not bunch or bind. Thus, this limits the amount of discomfort experienced by wearers. These socks also reduce friction injuries and abrasion on the skin. Some people with diabetes have decided to wear compression socks. However, compression socks typically utilize very strong elastic components to form their structure. This pressure encourages blood to safely and sufficiently flow back to the heart. I have seen them significantly reduce leg swelling. These socks also reduce the risk of clotting and other conditions such as deep vein thrombosis. Many people choose to wear these on long flights and drives or if their lifestyle lends itself to be more sedentary. Even so, not all people with diabetes need to wear these socks. Those who have symptoms of circulatory impairment or distress are the one's who may most benefit from wearing these types of socks. These socks can truly help prevent damages from occurring. For some people, these socks are a major part of keeping their health in balance.
MORE ON HOW SPECIALLY DESIGNED SOCKS HELP DIABETICS
Unfortunately, those with diabetes often find themselves at a higher risk for developing major circulatory issues. When worn consistently, I believe that these special socks can really get rid of any major nerve sensitivities. Other conditions, such as foot ulcers and scrapes often go unrecognized in diabetes because they fly under the radar. Traditional socks are best avoided when one has diabetes because they do not provide proper support and care. The seams in these socks can lead to rubbing and abrasions. They can also cause unnecessary pressure. These socks also hold onto moisture in ways that can cause major problems. Excess moisture can contribute to fungal infections. Circulation can easily become restricted in these types of socks because they get tighter and tighter as they are worn throughout the day.
GENERAL FOOT CARE FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DIABETES
Podiatrists recommend that diabetes sufferers stay on top of their foot care to prevent serious conditions from occurring. Daily checkups can ensure that a cut or even some swelling does not go unchecked. Every little detail matters here!
Stay on top of injuries so that seemingly minor problems do not turn into major issues that could become exacerbated over time.
Maintain a healthy diet/exercise regime and do not smoke! Smoking has been shown to impair blood flow and circulation by decreasing the amount of oxygen circulating throughout the body.
HOW TO PICK THE RIGHT SOCKS FOR YOU
The sock you buy depends on wearer preference, comfortability, and affordability. Bamboo is my preferred material because of its special antifungal and antibacterial properties. These socks should still be well taken care of and washed pretty immediately after wearing in order to hinder the growth of any bacteria. Additionally, taller socks are often recommended because their increased height allows for increased circulation. These socks should be washed in warm water and treated delicately. Each sock can last around six months to a year and should be thrown away immediately if they become damaged. However, they may last longer if they are treated with care.
Hypoglycemia is a condition that occurs when the level of blood sugar in the body is too low. According to the American Diabetes Association, a value of 70 mg / dL or lower is a sign of Hypoglycemia in children, who are under treatment for diabetes. In a healthy child, without diabetes, these values should be lower than 55 mg / dL to be considered hypoglycemia.
Generally, children with diabetes are more prone to hypoglycemia than a normal child. Symptoms of hypoglycemia in a child with diabetes is more common because the diabetic child abstains from consuming sugar, which may result in the reduction of blood sugar to a dangerous level.
In rare cases, a non-diabetic child can also fall victim to hypoglycemia. However, hypoglycemia in non-diabetic children is usually associated with a disease or malfunctioning organs such as Pancreas and Kidney.
WHY DOES HYPOGLYCEMIA REQUIRE IMMEDIATE TREATMENT?
Hypoglycemia is associated with a low level of sugar in the blood. The sugar inside our body is also known as Glucose, and Hypoglycemia is a condition that occurs when the level of blood sugar in the body is too low.
Hypoglycemia In Children
it is important to maintain a healthy glucose level: not too high or too low. If hypoglycemia is not treated immediately, it can worsen quickly and deprive the brain of glucose. If you do not act soon, the child may feel confused and unable to handle the situation. In severe cases, the child may even lose consciousness, experience seizures or go into a coma.
Hypoglycemia can also occur if children do not consume enough nutrition as per their daily requirements. It can also affect weak children if they skip a meal or exercise more than usual if the child has diabetes.
IS THERE A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HYPOGLYCEMIA AND DIABETES?
As suggested, diabetic children are more prone to hypoglycemia compared to a normal child. If a child is taking medication to control or lower glucose level, they may inadvertently lower their glucose levels to a dangerous level.
Medicines for diabetes affect insulin levels, which is a hormone inside our bodies that regulate blood sugar levels. If a child is taking one of the diabetic medicines, the blood level inside their body can decrease in a very short span of time. If it decreases below 70mg / dL in a diabetic child, it is usually a sign of hypoglycemia.
In a non-diabetic child, the lowering of blood sugar may be related to many other factors. For instance, a lot of sweating after a rigorous exercise schedule can lead to lowering of sugar levels. In fact, problems with the pancreas and other body parts are also a major cause of low blood sugar in non-diabetic children.
A normal blood sugar range is between 99mg / dL and 70 mg / dL. Depending on the symptom, hypoglycemia can be mild, moderate, and severe. Here are some signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia when the glucose level reaches below 70mg / dL:
Mild: below 70 mg / dL
• An intense feeling of hunger
• Nervousness and tremors
Moderate: below 55 mg / dL
• Difficulty speaking
• A feeling of anxiety and weakness
Severe: below 35-40 mg / dL
• Loss of consciousness, coma
SIGNS OF HYPOGLYCEMIA
Hypoglycemia rarely occurs in children except those who are actively treated for Type 1 diabetes. Unlike adults, children should be looked after carefully because they are often not able to feel the warning signs. Under these conditions, doctors recommend supervising children while they are playing or when they're engaged in activities requiring consistent energy. Recognizing the early signs of hypoglycemia in young children is an important aspect of controlling the disease, which can lead to long-term stability and cure.
Following are some examples of hypoglycemia symptoms in children with diabetes:
hypoglycemia in children headache
Children who are old enough to talk can complain of a headache, which is a potential sign of mild hypoglycemia. A young child may indicate that he feels "funny" or the child may provide other signals indicating a headache. For instance, young children may try to grab their head indicating problems with the vision.
Adults should not ignore these signs. If this happens, you can either check the glucose level or ask questions to take appropriate action based on the answers provided.
Not all episodes of hypoglycemia start with headaches. Often, the first sign of a mild attack triggers intense hunger. A child may complain of hunger pains or tell you that their stomach feels empty. If the child is well fed, complaining of intense hunger after a meal is a potential sign of a mild attack.
On the other hand, if the child is actively engaged in physical activity, complaining of the empty stomach should not cause panic. Under these conditions, it is better to let children relax and give treatment according to the situation.
NAUSEA AND VOMITING
Hypoglycemia can cause nausea and vomiting, especially in young children. Sometimes, vomiting and nausea can occur without any sign of a headache or hunger pains. Experts also suggest that vomiting is a natural reaction of the body to drain itself of the toxic substance.
Perhaps, the best thing to do is to watch for any signs of nausea. If the child vomits without prior signs of nausea, do not panic because any abrupt reaction to vomiting can make things worse. Just remain calm and try to diffuse the situation as calmly as possible.
SWEAT AND PALLOR
The body often responds to hypoglycemia by releasing adrenaline, which causes sweating and pallor. Often parents report that the child's skin tone turns grayish when their blood sugar is low. If you notice signs of sweat or pallor, immediately react to these signs based on the course of action recommended by the doctor.
Remember, sweating is a normal process during physical activity. As such, parents should not overreact to sweating during the passage of play and energy-consuming activity.
DIZZINESS AND VERTIGO
Dizziness and vertigo are also common symptoms of hypoglycemia. In young children, you may notice that they frequently fall when trying to stand up. If you notice unusual behavior when the child tries to walk, make the child sit or lay down to avoid possible injuries. Let the child relax and administer the dosage as appropriate.
PROBLEMS WITH VISION
Without any prior sign of headache and weakness, blurred vision is often a major sign of hypoglycemia. Older children are always more prone to blurred visions compared to young children.
Whenever older children complain of blurred or double vision, tell them to sit down or lie on a flat surface. Whenever problems with vision occur, let children know that they should let others know about their condition to ensure that someone is always nearby to help.
ACCELERATED BREATHING AND TINGLING
A child with low blood sugar often breathes more quickly than normal. They can also complain of a tingling or stinging sensation around the mouth.
INSTABILITY, WEAKNESS, AND AWKWARDNESS
Without enough glucose to sustain brain and muscle activity, an episode of hypoglycemia can cause loss of muscle strength and coordination. The child can drop things or stumble when walking. Their speech can be disjointed. In a baby, you may notice a lack of motion and slow physical movement.
IRRITABILITY, MOOD SWINGS, AND BEHAVIOR CHANGES
irribility, mood swings, hypoglycemia in children
Lack of normal behavior is the first sign of hypoglycemia in young children. In diabetic children, doctors often recommend looking for abnormal signs throughout the day. If children react differently to a normal situation, let them relax before investigating for signs.
Irritability and sudden mood swings are common symptoms of hypoglycemia. Children may seem anxious or nervous during such episodes. They may have a burst of anger or cry with no apparent cause. Erratic, inappropriate behavior, lack of cooperation, and combativeness are possible clues of low blood sugar.
CONFUSION AND LACK OF FOCUS
Brain activity decreases when blood glucose is insufficient to feed brain cells. As a result, an episode of hypoglycemia often causes confusion and inattentiveness. Teachers should be aware of these and other symptoms of hypoglycemia in case the child experiences an episode in school.
If your child is diabetic, let teachers, friends, and others know because they can help treat signs of diabetes and hypoglycemia by getting help. Sometimes children and parents are reluctant to share their feelings with others, which is a recipe for failure. Boost your child's confidence by telling them that it is a normal disease that they can overcome with awareness, knowledge, and confidence.
DROWSINESS AND LACK OF ENERGY
A severely low blood glucose level causes drowsiness and lowering of the energy level. Signs of lack of energy are evident if you feel that your child is yawning very frequently. In certain circumstances, children also tend to look straight focusing on a particular spot.
Low energy levels are also imminent if children have difficulty waking up in the morning. If your child seems too pushy wanting to go back to sleep, this may also be a hint of hypoglycemia in a child with diabetes. It is also common for some children to sweat profusely at night or wet their bedding.
If levels fall below 40 mg/ dL, children can experience seizures. If nothing is done to rectify the situation, a child can quickly go into a coma. As a responsible parent, you should try not to panic because it will create immense psychological pressure on your child, who would be struggling to get out of the trauma.
Consult your child's doctor about emergency plans for when the child has a seizure. You should always have a plan to deal with the most awkward situations. In fact, make a backup plan if you're unable to get assistance, quickly. Knowledge and awareness are always a parent's first line of defense against such attacks.
WHAT TO DO IN AN EMERGENCY?
If your child is treated with hypoglycemia, you can use the following steps to deal with the problem. Before making plans for the treatment, always consult your doctor regarding the diet and the procedure.
As a first step, you can give 10 to 15 grams of simple carbohydrates orally to boost the sugar intake. For instance, you can use these diets:
• Glucose (2 Glucosport pills),
• Sugar (2 lumps),
• Fruit Juice or non-light Soft Drinks (100 cc),
• A glass of skimmed milk (200 cc)
After giving an energy boost, wait about 10-15 minutes to test the sugar level. If it has not reached the normal level, it is necessary to repeat the same carbohydrates diet. Don't try to give more sugar than the recommended dose because an overdose can crea
If glucose levels have not reached the normal level, give another 10 gram of carbohydrates. Try a long-lasting diet such te a chemical imbalance in the body, which can be harmful to the recovering patient.
• 20 gram of bread
• 3 Mary cookies
• A glass of whole milk
• 2 natural yogurts
• A piece of fruit
If hypoglycemia levels are reached near a meal, the body will react quickly to absorb carbohydrates. As a result, you may see a quick recovery. On the other hand, if the child had just taken a meal, the rate of absorption may be slow; therefore, you need to be vigilant throughout the episode.
Under normal conditions, if the blood glucose reaches less than 70 mg / dL, you should give 5 grams of slow-absorbing carbohydrates to fulfill the appetite.
It should be mentioned that these quantities are examples of treatment options; however, the exact diet should be administered after consultation with an expert. Readers should treat these guidelines to gain knowledge and generate awareness of possible treatment options for hypoglycemia.
WHAT TO DO DURING SEIZURES?
If the child recovers after being unconscious due to an episode of hypoglycemia or if the child experience seizures, don't give an oral dose. Instead, such situations are best handled by administering a hormone known as glucagon, which is injected into the bloodstream using a small painless syringe.
The amount of dosage depends on the age of a child. For a child under 2 years, ¼ ampoules are sufficient. For children between 2 and 6 years, ½ ampoules are recommended, and for children above 6 years, a full dose of 1 ampoule should be administered.
The dose can be easily administered at school. Parents should let school authorities know about the health condition. Any health official at school can control the situation by providing the required quantity. Parents should also provide a bottle of glucagon to school authorities, and keep a note of the expiration date.
Many schools also train teachers to administer such doses. If the school offers such teacher training, parents should exempt teachers from any kind of liability in writing because it will make a trained teacher react to the situation quickly without calling health officials to help. After the child has recovered from the seizure or an attack, it is better to take the child to a nearby health facility.
CAUSES OF DIABETIC HYPOGLYCEMIA IN CHILDREN
In 90% of cases, hypoglycemia or cases of low blood sugar is related to diabetes. In these cases, the lowering of sugar is usually caused by some mismatch between the dose of insulin supplied and food intake, or by any medication that interferes with the effects of insulin. Low sugar levels can also be caused by excessive exercise in diabetic children.
Children with diabetes suffer from hypoglycemia because it often gets difficult to control insulin and glucose balance in the body. As a result, diabetic patients are prone to the disease due to the potential mismatch of food, medicine, or exercise.
CAUSES OF NON-DIABETIC HYPOGLYCEMIA IN CHILDREN
In 10% of cases of hypoglycemia, diabetes is not the reason behind hypoglycemia. In these rare cases, hormone deficiency can be the leading cause of the endocrine-metabolic problem. The deficiency of hormone leads to an autoimmune disease or a disease related to the heart, kidneys or liver, which causes hypoglycemia in non-diabetic children. Often times, hypoglycemia in non-diabetic children can also be traced to the intake of a certain medicine used by the child.
It can also be related to some type of tumor. The organ most responsible for hypoglycemia in non-diabetic children is Pancreas. Pancreas balances the production of insulin in our body; therefore, hypoglycemia can be caused by a malfunctioning pancreas. Under these conditions, doctors try to identify a particular disease instead of focusing on diabetic solutions. Once the disease is rectified, symptoms of hypoglycemia tend to fade quickly.
In non-diabetic patients, hypoglycemia is usually caused by an enzyme deficiency, injury, or pre-diabetes. As such, there are two types of non-diabetic hypoglycemia:
The condition is mostly caused by a pre-diabetic condition where the body has difficulty in making insulin to control glucose levels.
Another major cause of reactive hypoglycemia is a problem with Pancreases. As the food passes quickly through the body to the small intestine, it causes diabetes. Often, stomach surgeries can cause such problems. Another rare kind of diabetes is the inability of an enzyme in the body to break down the food. This also causes the pancreas to malfunction.
Excess use of medicines such as aspirin, antibiotics, and pentamidine can cause hypoglycemia in non-diabetic patients.
Experts have also seen cases of a severe injury to a liver, heart, or kidney to induce signs of hypoglycemia in healthy children. In certain situations, the disease is genetically induced due to low levels of hormones such as cortisol, glucagon, epinephrine, and growth hormone. A tumor in the pancreas is also a type of fasting hypoglycemia.
DURATION OF HYPOGLYCEMIA EPISODE
An episode of hypoglycemia in non-diabetic children can often end within minutes. The child just needs to take some kind of sweetener that may include drinking orange juice, taking a sugar pill or eating candy.
On the other hand, hypoglycemia caused by long-lasting insulin in diabetic children can often take up to two days to last; however, almost all non-diabetic children are out of the danger zone if treated appropriately.
People with diabetes are prone to hypoglycemia throughout their lifetime. The patient needs to be vigilant to survive the attack. Often, patients are vulnerable at night because they cannot monitor their glucose levels. Similarly, there are no symptoms to alert them of the impending situation.
Repeated episodes of hypoglycemia can lead to impaired brain functions. To prevent the condition, experts recommend trying to reduce episodes where the levels may lead to an attack or coma.
IS HYPOGLYCEMIA TREATABLE?
Hypoglycemia is most commonly associated with diabetes. A simple answer to the question is, "Yes, it is treatable if diabetic children can overcome the underlying condition causing hypoglycemia". Depending on the condition and severity of hypoglycemia, good eating habits, exercise, and regular monitoring of glucose levels can prove a long-lasting remedy to prevent damages and disease associated with hypoglycemia.
In non-diabetic children, hypoglycemia is mostly caused by a malfunctioning organ or a similar disease. Once doctors are able to rectify the problem, non-diabetic children recover quickly from hypoglycemia. Doctors also use surgery to treat tumors or replace missing hormones with medicine to cure the disease.
Mild symptoms of hypoglycemia can also be treated by eating candy or sweets. In case of a disease, hypoglycemia is cured by treating the diseases or undergoing surgery. In fact, the best solution is to adopt a healthy lifestyle, which will keep disease at bay.
For a diabetic child, the best option to treat hypoglycemia is to focus on treating diabetes. As of now, there is no cure for diabetes; therefore patients can only manage to force diabetes into remission because it will help keep episodes of hypoglycemia away from their daily lives.
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